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Every month we feature a gemstone specific to the month. This month we celebrate the sapphire. Sapphires can be found all over the world, with places like Madagascar, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Australia to name a few. While are available in many colours including violet, pink, orange, yellow, green, purple and colourless, blue is traditionally the most desireable. Sapphires are made up of corundum, a mineral that is extremely rare. This, of which, the ruby gemstone is also made of.
the term “Fancy Sapphire” refers to the other colours outside that range of blue and red. The colours you see in the shades of sapphire is actually a result from trace elements. For instance, in the blue sapphire, trace elements of iron and titanium can be found; similarly, chromium provides the red hues found in the ruby and pink sapphire. In addition, corundum can also display a phenomenon called asterism, frequently known as the “star effect”. This phenomenon displays a six ray star pattern across a cabochon cut stone's curved surface. This effect can be viewed among any coloured sapphire and arises when white light reflects off numerous, tiny, needle-like inclusions.
The sapphire is a symbol of nobility, truth, sincerity, and faithfulness. Throughout history, sapphires were believed to protect the wearer from envy and harm. Clergies often wore them to symbolize heaven through the middle ages. Sapphires are associated with royalty and romance.
Sapphires are the birthstone for September and the gem for the 5th and 45th anniversaries.